When the normal behaves abnormal, it is creates a disorder! Yes, we are talking about the cells in our body. Some trigger factor/s makes the cells behave 'funny' and they act as per their wish, grow abnormally and form a tumor. Now if luck showers its blessing, the tumor remains localized (termed as benign tumor) otherwise the cells break off and travel across different parts of the body elevating the complication (termed as malignant tumor).
The brain tumor is classified on the basis of the following main factors which provide a direction to the mode of treatment:
Conventional surgical treatments (invasive) are associated with post surgical risks such as infection, hemorrhage, and collateral injury to other normal brain structures. To overcome these problems, minimal invasive and noninvasive surgeries are now popularly used.
Radiation therapy is the answer by modern medical technologies to eradicate brain tumor. We will glance through the terminologies associated with Radiation therapy.
Radiation therapy from the machine, outside the body is termed as external. This technique is generally used for relieving pain due to the tumor growth and also in case of malignancy when cancer spreads to other parts of the body.
IORT (Intra Operative Radiation Therapy) is an adjuvant external radiation therapy given during surgery when the tumor cannot be completely eradicated and has chances of spreading locally.
Radiation, when targeted very close to or inside the tumor is termed as internal. The radiation source, placed in an implant (holder) is introduced into the body. Catheters, plastic tubes or wires may be used as implants.
In this therapy a bare radioactive substance is introduced into the body. The material is ingested by mouth or injected into the body.
This therapy makes use of high dose of radiations to eradicate the tumor. The patient's head is placed in a head frame and the radiations are accurately targeted over the tumor. The procedure is target specific, not causing damage to surrounding normal cells. The therapy demands only a single session after which the patient can resume to his normal routine.
This is a noninvasive radiotherapy, providing a pain-free option for tumor patients. The therapy is available with limited centers all over the world because of the cost of treatment which is on the higher side and also it involves multiple sessions. Inspite of its limitations, the therapy is looked forward to and preferred for its high accuracy and negligible side effects.