Guiding Principles of Democracy
Democracy is derived from the Greek word, demos, implying people. In democracy, it is the citizens of a nation who hold autonomous power over law and government. Democracy is governed and guided by certain basic principles, read on to know more about the same.
Democracy is a method of leading a country. The most general explanation of democracy is ruling by the people. This implies, the people approve to the government operating the nation. Citizens are given an opening to select, via their right to vote. They do this in standard, on the house and just elections. Nevertheless, democracy doesn't conclude there. Democracy also implies that the people who have been elected are liable in multiple ways to the people who voted for them and elected them. They have to function and carry on the pledges they made during elections and they have to be transparent in their duties and actions.
Even though gradations are applicable to the world's range of democracies, some principles and strategies differentiate democratic government from other types of government.
Principles of Democracy
Democratic principles are thoughts which most citizens believe are vital for a democracy. The most significant principles of democracy are as follows:
Citizens have a right and a responsibility to play a part in government and in social community. Citizens' contribution incorporates contesting for elections, voting for elections, becoming educated and aware, organizing and attending public meetings, being a part of civil and/or political associations, paying taxes, disputing and imploring.
All citizens should be deemed uniformly and devoid of prejudice and be given equivalent chances and prospects.
Even as a large amount of people reign in a democracy, the rights of minority sectors are also sheltered. Everybody should be permitted to communicate their views and join the political, holy or civil organizations of their preference. LiabilityGovernment must be liable to the citizens for its proceedings, together with the laws that are approved and how these laws are executed.
Government must be transparent to the citizens about its functions. It must permit the public to give view points before laws are conceded.
Customary, Liberated and Justified Elections
Elections must take place in a liberated and fair way, devoid of any pressure, threats, dishonesty and intimidation to the citizens before or during the election. Elections should also be held on a regular basis, every few years.
Accepting the Outcome of Elections
When a political party is defeated in election, its followers must agree with this outcome and not use hostility to modify the results.
Citizens in a democracy should be permitted to have some type of personal possession of property and business and they should be permitted to select their own category of work and be a part of labor unions. The government should not completely have power over the economy of a country.
Managing Exploitation of Authority
There should be modes to put off government authorities from misusing their control. The courts should be autonomous and they should have the authority to:
- Function against government representatives or bodies that get involved in an illegitimate or fraudulent act
- Permit for civic contribution and elections
- Keep a check on police misuse of authority
The human rights of persons and groups should be guarded, if possible through a Bill of Rights. A bill of rights consists of a listing of rights and liberties that are assured to all citizens in the nation. All rights and liberties are sheltered if they are harmed.
Multiple Party Structures
Over one political party must be permitted to take part in elections and play a task in administration.
Rule of Law
The rule of law implies that nobody and no authority is higher than the law, together with the chief of the country. Everybody must comply with the law and be held answerable if they break the law. The law must also be evenly, reasonably and constantly imposed.
While voting we give the government an authorization to go by and implement laws on our behalf. In formulating laws the government has to pursue what is mentioned in the constitution and it uses the courts additionally just as the police and military to impose the laws.
If the government turns out of favor or doesn't do what it assured to do then citizens of a nation can vote for another party in the subsequent election and vote the reigning government out of supremacy. This is fundamentally how democracy functions and why it is effectual as a structure of government.